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Gema Puspa Nusantara
Gamelan Java
Gamelan Bali
Gamelan Bali

Bali has a great diversity of Gamelan Instruments and Musical Styles. Ceremonial pieces are meditative and serene while dance and theater music percolates and flutters. Instrumentation takes many forms, from heavy bronze or playful bamboo, to iron slabs and tinkling cymbals. Melodic instruments include bar percussion, rows of small gongs, and flutes. Larger gongs and bar instruments outline the melodic structure.

Each Gamelan has a special Purpose. Processionals of gongs, drums, and cymbals create hypnotic patterns ushering idols to the sea. High pitched "sweet" bronze Gamelan enhance the king's slumber chamber as meter long bamboo flutes accompany a classic dance in the temple. The twang of palm bark might be used to court a young lady. Honking reeds create a whimsical atmosphere for the frog dance. Giant bamboos thrill equally large audiences, and a rhythmic chorus acts out stories from the Ramayana. The most prominent musical characteristic in Bali is known as Kotek (Koh-Tek), the sharing of a musical line by trading pitches between players. A musical pattern may be divided into two or more parts which interlock. This allows for very fast performance tempos.

Another typical gesture, the Angsel (Ahng-Sl) is a break or flourish in an otherwise continuous, and usually repeated, line. An Angsel is used to highlight a particular dance movement or musical gesture. Indonesian music is stratified, with the form expressed in the lowest pitches, the melody in the middle of the range, and an embellishment or variation in the upper register. Balinese Gamelan instruments are paired and de-tuned to create a shimmering or beating effect. One instrument of the pair is tuned to the true scale. The second is tuned slightly flat to produce a tremolo at a specified speed. The speed varies by region, taste, purpose, and ensemble type.